The U.S. Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Homeland Security released interim final rules on October 8, 2020, outlining changes to the prevailing wage process and narrowing eligibility criteria for certain employment-based visa categories.
Dept. of Labor (DOL) Rule: Strengthening Wage Protections for the Temporary and Permanent Employment of Certain
Publication Date: 10/08/2020 - 150 Pages Permalink
Interim final rule effective on the day of publication (10/08/20), with concurrent 30-day comment period
DOL Summary: "The Department of Labor (DOL) is amending Employment and Training Administration (ETA) regulations governing the prevailing wages for employment opportunities that United States (U.S.) employers seek to fill with foreign workers on a permanent or temporary basis through certain employment-based immigrant visas or through H-1B, H-1B1, or E-3 nonimmigrant visas. Specifically, DOL is amending its regulations governing permanent labor certifications and Labor Condition Applications (LCAs) to incorporate changes to the computation of wage levels under the Department's four-tiered wage structure based on the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) wage survey administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The primary purpose of these changes is to update the computation of prevailing wage levels under the existing four-tier wage structure to better reflect the actual wages earned by U.S. workers similarly employed to foreign workers. This update will allow DOL to more effectively ensure that the employment of immigrant and nonimmigrant workers admitted or otherwise provided status through the above-referenced programs does not adversely affect the wages and job opportunities of U.S. workers."
Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS) Rule: Strengthening the H-1B Nonimmigrant Visa Classification Program
Publication Date: 10/08/2020 - 147 Pages Permalink
Interim final rule effective 60 days after publication, with concurrent 30-day comment period.
DHS Summary: "The Department of Homeland Security (DHS), is amending certain DHS regulations governing the H-1B nonimmigrant visa program. Specifically, DHS is: revising the regulatory definition of and standards for a "specialty occupation" to better align with the statutory definition of the term; adding definitions for "worksite" and "third-party worksite"; revising the definition of "United States employer"; clarifying how U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will determine whether there is an "employer-employee relationship" between the petitioner and the beneficiary; requiring corroborating evidence of work in a specialty occupation; limiting the validity period for third-party placement petitions to a maximum of 1 year; providing a written explanation when the petition is approved with an earlier validity period end date than requested; amending the general itinerary provision to clarify it does not apply to H-1B petitions; and codifying USCIS' H-1B site visit authority, including the potential consequences of refusing a site visit. The primary purpose of these changes is to better ensure that each H-1B nonimmigrant worker (H-1B worker) will be working for a qualified employer in a job that meets the statutory definition of a "specialty occupation." These changes are urgently necessary to strengthen the integrity of the H-1B program during the economic crisis caused by the COVID-19 public health emergency to more effectively ensure that the employment of H-1B workers will not have an adverse impact on the wages and working conditions of similarly employed U.S. workers. In addition, in strengthening the integrity of the H-1B program, these changes will aid the program in functioning more effectively and efficiently."
Press releases from White House, DHS, and DOL:
- White House: www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/...
- DHS: www.dhs.gov/news/2020/10/06/...
- DOL: www.dol.gov/newsroom/releases/eta/eta20201006
Additional analysis and information:
- NAFSA: Association of International Education - analysis on DOL rule
- Stuart Anderson's Forbes article on the changes: Trump Administration Issues Two New Rules To Restrict H-1B Visas
The University is closely tracking these developments and analyzing both rules. We will share additional information as it becomes available.