NOTE: The information below provides information about executive orders and proclamations issued between January 2017 and January 2021. This page will not be updated based on new proclamations/orders issued after January 20, 2021 - information about recent executive actions affecting immigration will be published as OIA News items and shared with students and scholars via the OIA Newsletter for International Students, Scholars and Employees, and UChicago Admministrators.
From 2017 to 2021, Presidential Executive Orders affecting immigration caused concern among international students, scholars, their families, and their faculty and departments in the University. This page is the repository for relevant communication from the University as well as news items of interest in this context and it offers guidance to assist you as you consider your options.
- Access the White House website for the text of the Executive Order
- OIA Message Sent to International Students and Scholars
- Message from President Zimmer and Provost Diermeier
- Message from Executive Vice Provost Beilock and Dean of Students in the University Rasmussen
- Letter to President Trump from President Zimmer and Provost Diermeier
- Announcement of Political Theory Workshop Discussing the Executive Order on January 30, 2017
- Announcement of Information Session on February 8, 2017
- Temporary Restraining Order Issued, Halting Executive Order
- Temporary Restraining Order against Executive Order remains in effect
- Update on Support for the UChicago International Community from Executive Vice Provost Beilock and Dean of Students in the University Rasmussen
- Emergency Motion to Stay Temporary Restraining Order Denied
- Remaining in the U.S. versus Travel Abroad
- Travel and Re-entry to the U.S. - all Countries
- What is Secondary Inspection and What Should I Expect There?
- New Communication Tool
- Additional Resources
- A Reminder: Visa versus Status
- UChicago and 16 other universities file brief in immigration case
- New Executive Order delayed (2/23/2017)
- New Executive Order released on March 6, 2017
- Federal Judges Impose Temporary Restraining Order on New Executive Order on Immigration, March 16, 2017
- Update on Support for UChicago’s International, Undocumented and DACA students and scholars from Executive Vice Provost Sian Beilock and Dean of Students in the University Michele Rasmussen
- Appeals Court Upholds Injunction Against Travel Ban
- Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Update, August 25, 2017
- Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Announcement, September 6, 2017
- New Immigration-related Presidential Proclamation, September 27, 2017
- Supreme Court Ruling Update, December 6, 2017
To see the full text of Presidential actions (Executive Orders and Memoranda), please visit https://whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/presidential-actions.
January 27, 2017, OIA message sent to international students and scholars
January 30, 2017, Letter to President Trump from President Zimmer and Provost Diermeier
January 30, 2017, 12:00-1:20PM, Political Theory Workshop with Aziz Huq of the Law School and Tamara Felden of the Office of International Affairs, Saieh Hall 021
February 1, 2017, Please note: Sections of the document Guidance for International Students and Scholars that appeared here have been updated in light of the continuing Temporary Restraining Order imposed against the Executive Order and appear below.
February 4, 2017, Important Update: On February 3, 2017, a Federal Judge imposed a Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) against the Executive Order that has recently prevented individuals from seven countries from entering the U.S. In response to the TRO, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has stated that entering the U.S. for members of those countries is back to “business as usual” and that CBP will fully comply with the TRO nationwide. Please click here for the full text of the TRO and http://www.cnn.com/2017/02/03/politics/federal-judge-temporarily-halts-trump-travel-ban-nationwide-ag-says/index.html for CNN’s report on it, which offers additional interpretation. As always, please contact OIA at firstname.lastname@example.org or 773.702.7752 if we can answer any questions.
February 8, 2017: Important Update: On February 3, 2017, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington issued a Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) halting the enforcement of certain provisions of the Executive Order signed by President Trump on January 27, 2017, and the U.S. government brought an emergency motion for a stay of that order. On Thursday, February 9, 2017, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit denied the motion, which means that the TRO remains in place for now. For the full text, please see http://cdn.ca9.uscourts.gov/datastore/opinions/2017/02/09/17-35105.pdf.
February 13, 2017: Temporary Restraining Order remains in effect.
The Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) issued by the U.S. District Court for the Western district of Washington remains in effect. OIA will post updates as they become available, both here and in the News section of https://internationalaffairs.uchicago.edu.
June 26, 2017: Supreme Court Decision - Travel Ban
In a June 26, 2017 decision, the U.S. Supreme Court took action that will allow parts of the travel ban of section 2(c) of Executive Order 13780 to go in effect. The travel ban will not, however, be enforced against “foreign nationals who have a credible claim of a bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the United States." The Court will hear oral arguments on this matter in the fall. Executive Order 13780, among other things, established a temporary bar on entry to the U.S. for certain individuals from Sudan, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, and Yemen.
The University will monitor how this recent decision will impact members of our campus community.
See the Department of Homeland Security FAQ on travel under the Executive Order.
Resources: Additional contextual information about this decision can be found on the NAFSA website.
Remaining in the U.S. versus Traveling Abroad (February 13, 2017)
Anyone who is currently in the U.S. in lawful status, including individuals from the seven countries indicated in the Executive Order (EO) of 1/27/2017, can remain in the U.S. for as long as their status is valid. For example, a student with an I-20 that expires at the end of the student’s program in the University does not need to do anything other than follow the usual steps to maintain lawful status. (For details on maintaining status for F and J students, please see https://internationalaffairs.uchicago.edu/page/students/current.) International students and scholars in F and J status can extend their status through the usual process. (For details on extensions of status, please see https://internationalaffairs.uchicago.edu/search/node/extension.) If you are remaining in the U.S. and you are maintaining your lawful status, there is nothing new you have to do.
If you must travel, a valid visa is required to return to the U.S. (For details on documents required for travel and for visa renewals, please see https://internationalaffairs.uchicago.edu/page/travel-0.) In addition to the documents listed on our website, it may be helpful to carry your University of Chicago ID card. If you are a student, we recommend obtaining a Letter of Fulltime Enrollment, available from OIA’s front desk on a walk-in basis. If you are an employee, we recommend obtaining a letter confirming your continuing employment with the University, typically available from the HR Professional in your department or office. If you are in F or J status, it is also essential that you have a valid travel signature. (Please see https://internationalaffairs.uchicago.edu/page/travel-0.) Travel signatures are available at OIA’s front desk on a walk-in basis. Our hours are Monday–Thursday, 9:00am–4:00pm and Friday, 10:30am-4:00pm.
See the Department of Homeland Security FAQ on travel under the Executive Order
Travel and Re-entry to the U.S. - all Countries (February 13, 2017)
For those departing the U.S. with the intention to re-enter relatively soon (after a conference, a family vacation, a leave of absence, etc.), we recommend you take caution and plan more extensively than you would have before the Executive Order (EO). If you believe that your country of birth, country of citizenship, or recent travel destinations may cause particularly close scrutiny on the part of immigration officials, carefully consider if travel is necessary.
If you travel, be prepared for delays at all stages of the process. If you are applying for a new visa, you may find that lead-times for visa interviews have lengthened, that there is a greater probability of administrative processing (background checks) before a visa will be issued, and that administrative processing may take longer. If you have connecting flights within the U.S., schedule sufficient time between flights to accommodate possible delays, such as having to pass through secondary inspection at a port of entry. (More about secondary inspection below.)
In a Q&A section on its website, Customs and Border Protection (CBP, the inspection authority at ports of entry) has posted information that is relevant, including the statement that
“travelers are being treated according to the travel document they present. For example, if they present a Canadian passport, that is how they are processed for entry.”
(Please see https://www.cbp.gov/border-security/protecting-nation-foreign-terrorist-entry-united-states.) In other words, dual citizens will be able to travel with the documents they consider most appropriate under the circumstances.
If you are an international student or scholar holding a Form I-20 or DS-2019 and you have dual citizenship, your passport and your immigration document must match. If you wish to update the information on your Form I-20 or DS-2019, please contact OIA at email@example.com.
What is Secondary Inspection and What Should I Expect there? (February 13, 2017)
Many ports of entry are still working to implement recent instructions, such as the guidance from Customs and Border Protection (CBP) mentioned above, and more travelers may be sent to secondary inspection than usual. The CBP officer at the initial inspection point can only see limited information, so if a question arises about your record that cannot be resolved very quickly, the officer must refer you to secondary inspection to have it resolved.
If you are referred to secondary inspection, prepare for a potentially lengthy wait time. Processes are not necessarily handled on a first-come, first-served basis. While waiting in the secondary inspection area can be uncomfortable, stressful, and time-consuming, think of it as an inconvenience rather than a calamity. It is essential to remain polite and generally cooperate with the process.
CBP officers may require you to hand over your mobile devices, such as your phone, tablet and/or laptop, and they may copy information and/or review your stored contacts. While in secondary inspection, you may not be given the opportunity to make phone calls or otherwise make contact with others. Some questions can be resolved by CBP contacting OIA to confirm information about an international student or scholar. We recommend having OIA’s contact information available. For students, any emergency call should be made to the Dean on Call at 773.834.4359. For employees, during regular office hours from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm, call 773.702.7752. CBP e-mail inquiries should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org and marked urgent.)
If you wish to retain an immigration attorney (or as a precaution get in touch with one before you travel), OIA can assist you in finding a law firm that has worked with the University or with members of the University community in the past.
If you are presented with a document and asked to sign, please read it carefully. You may be given an option to either withdraw your request for admission to the US or receive “expedited removal”; signing a document withdrawing your request for admission is a better option.
You should not sign a Form I-407 or otherwise abandon your permanent residency status.
New Communication Tool (February 13, 2017)
Since each of OIA’s lists is designated for a specific population (e.g. international students or J-Scholars) and the current immigration climate is generating interest beyond our traditional service populations, we have launched a new list. Updates_on_executive_orders_on_immigration@lists.uchicago.edu is now available for anyone who would like to receive updates and notifications when new information has been posted to our website. There are two methods to subscribe: Click on the link above and enter "subscribe" in the subject line, then click send. Or access lists.uchicago.edu and search for Updates_on_executive under the search icon. The full name of the list should appear. Once you click on it you should see the word "subscribe" in maroon in the lower left section of the window. Of course, we will continue to provide information to all our traditional lists as well.
Additional Resources (February 13, 2017)
If you believe that you require the assistance of an immigration attorney, OIA can assist you in finding a reputable law firm. Please contact us at https://internationalaffairs.uchicago.edu and indicate that you want to hire an immigration attorney.
Several of the leading U.S. law firms regularly publicize updates on their websites, and you may find their information helpful. Please see:
- http://www.klc-ltd.com/ (scroll down to latest news)
- http://www.millermayer.com/ (scroll down for sign-up for immigration newsletter)
- The American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) provides updates and has a referral feature on its website: www.aila.org.
Resources such as Student Health and Counseling (for students, https://wellness.uchicago.edu); Perspectives, the University’s Employee Assistance Program (for employees, www.perspectivesltd.com); and Spiritual Life, offering support in many faith traditions (spirit.uchicago.edu), are all available free of charge. Questions regarding the academic impact of the EO should be directed to your Dean of Students (students) or department (postdoctoral researchers and employees), and OIA will gladly assist in connecting you to University resources as well.
A Reminder: Visa versus Status (February 13, 2017)
The Form I-20 or DS-2019 issued to F-1 students and J-1 students or scholars is not a visa, but is the document showing the lawful status of the individual. This document must never expire, and anyone in F or J status must carry a valid Form I-20 or DS-2019 at all times. A valid visa is required to enter the U.S., but not for the time one spends in the U.S. For additional information, please see https://internationalaffairs.uchicago.edu/page/visa-vs-status. Please also see https://internationalaffairs.uchicago.edu/search/node/extension for information on extending one’s I-20 or DS-2019.
February 13, 2017, UChicago and 16 other universities file brief in immigration case
"The University of Chicago and 16 other major research universities have filed an amici curiae (“friends of the court”) brief in Darweesh et al. v. Trump et al., a federal court case that challenges the Jan. 27, 2017 Executive Order on immigration." For the full article, including a link to the amicus brief, please visit https://news.uchicago.edu/article/2017/02/13/uchicago-and-16-other-universities-file-brief-immigration-case.
New Executive Order released on March 6, 2017
On March 6, 2017 a new Executive Order Protecting The Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into The United States was signed. It revokes Executive Order 13769 of January 27, 2017 and differs from the previous order in several respects, including clarification of who is subject to and who is exempt from the suspension of entry to the U.S. The new Executive Order takes effect on March 16, 2017.
Contents of the Executive Order are excerpted below. They include provisions that directly impact members of our international community and those whose work and life takes them to areas of the world under close scrutiny by U.S. immigration authorities. To date, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, the agency responsible for inspection and ports-of-entry, has not issued guidance on how certain details of the order will be managed. OIA continues to monitor reactions to and follow-up by government agencies. As soon as we have a better understanding of what the provisions below mean in practical terms, we will provide further updates. In the meantime, we encourage all those who anticipate travel in the coming weeks and months to consult with OIA in case of questions. This includes international students and scholars and their faculty advisers and departments. It also includes U.S. citizens and permanent residents who have concerns about future travel. OIA is here to help you and to provide information and support.
About the Executive Order
The countries affected are Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. Iraq is no longer included in the list of countries, but the order states that “[d]ecisions about issuance of visas or granting admission to Iraqi nationals should be subjected to additional scrutiny to determine if applicants have connections with ISIS or other terrorist organizations, or otherwise pose a risk to either national security or public safety.” (Section 1(g))
It further states that “the suspension of entry pursuant to section 2 of this order shall apply only to foreign nationals of the designated countries who:
- are outside the United States on the effective date of this order;
- did not have a valid visa at 5:00 p.m., eastern standard time on January 27, 2017; and
- do not have a valid visa on the effective date of this order.” (Section 3(a))
The language of the order also outlines exceptions as follows:
“Exceptions. The suspension of entry pursuant to section 2 of this order shall not apply to":
- any lawful permanent resident of the United States;
- any foreign national who is admitted to or paroled in to the United States on or after the effective date of this order;
- any foreign national who has a document other than a visa, valid on the effective date of this order or issued on any date thereafter, that permits him or her to travel to the United States and seek entry or admission, such as an advance parole document;
- any dual national of a country designated under section 2 of this order when the individual is traveling on a passport issued by a non-designated country.” (Section 3(b))
Finally, the order describes conditions under which waivers of the suspension of entry from one of the six countries listed in Section 1 might be issued, namely when “denying entry during the suspension period would cause undue hardship, and that his or her entry would not pose a threat to national security and would be in the national interest.” (Section 3(c))
“Case-by-case waivers could be appropriate in circumstances such as the following":
- the foreign national has previously been admitted to the United States for a continuous period of work, study, or other long-term activity, is outside the United States on the effective date of this order, seeks to reenter the United States to resume that activity, and the denial of reentry during the suspension period would impair that activity;
- the foreign national has previously established significant contacts with the United States but is outside the United States on the effective date of this order for work, study, or other lawful activity;
- the foreign national seeks to enter the United States for significant business or professional obligations and the denial of entry during the suspension period would impair those obligations;
- the foreign national seeks to enter the United States to visit or reside with a close family member (e.g. a spouse, child, or parent) who is a United States citizen, lawful permanent resident, or alien lawfully admitted on a valid nonimmigrant visa, and the denial of entry during the suspension period would cause undue hardship” (Section 3(c)).
Additional provisions in Section 12:
“(c) No immigrant or nonimmigrant visa issued before the effective date of this order shall be revoked pursuant to this order."
"(d) Any individual whose visa was marked revoked or marked canceled as a result of Executive Order 13769 shall be entitled to a travel document confirming that the individual is permitted to travel to the United States and seek entry. Any prior cancellation or revocation of a visa that was solely pursuant to Executive Order 13769 shall not be the basis of inadmissibility for any future determination about entry or admissibility.”
For the full text of the order, please see https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/03/06/executive-order-protecting-nation-foreign-terrorist-entry-united-states.
Please visit this site often as we will publish updates as soon as they become available.
Federal Judges Impose Temporary Restraining Order on New Executive Order on Immigration: On March 16, 2017, a new Executive Order on immigration was to go into effect that restricted travel to the U.S. by nationals from 6 countries and provided clarification of who would be exempt from the ban and who might be able to obtain a waiver. On March 15, 2017, two federal judges imposed temporary restraining orders which prevented the new Executive Order from going into effect. It is not yet known how the legal process surrounding the Executive Order will unfold, nor have government agencies offered guidance in case the Executive Order will go into effect eventually. OIA is monitoring events closely and will continue to provide updates as soon as new information becomes available. If you have questions, please contact OIA at email@example.com or 773.702.7752. We also recommend that you review the information athttps://internationalaffairs.uchicago.edu under the link Updates on Presidential Executive Orders Affecting Immigration.
April 3, 2017: Update on Support for UChicago’s International, Undocumented and DACA students and scholars from Executive Vice Provost Sian Beilock and Dean of Students in the University Michele Rasmussen
On May 25, 2017, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit upheld the District Court’s nationwide preliminary injunction halting the enforcement of the travel ban set forth in the executive order on immigration issued on March 6, 2017.
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit is also evaluating a nationwide preliminary injunction against the executive order in a separate appeal and it is not yet known when the court will rule. However, as long as one nationwide injunction remains in place, the travel ban cannot go into effect.
The Office of International Affairs (OIA) is actively monitoring any proposed changes to immigration law or policy, especially as it may affect our international population at UChicago.
On Friday, August 25th, news reports surfaced that called into question whether the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program will continue. Given this uncertainty, OIA recommends that any member of the campus community who is considering traveling outside the United States on an approved EAD/Advanced Parole document postpone or undertake discretion when undertaking such travel. To the extent members of the campus community are currently outside of the United States and traveling on their approved EAD/Advance Parole document under DACA, OIA recommends that they consider returning to the United States, if possible.
If a student/scholar/employee/department has any questions about this and how it may affect them, please have them contact their DACA immigration attorney or OIA for more information.
On Tuesday, September 5, 2017, United States Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced the end of the DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) program, which granted temporary status and benefits to certain undocumented immigrants that arrived in the United States as children.
According to the recently released DHS Memorandum, this program will be phased out by the agency over the next 6 months.
The University of Chicago and Office of International Affairs is closely monitoring this situation and will continue to provide support along with other offices on campus. Affected UChicago students are urged to contact their Dean of Students. Please check back for updates and upcoming events.
In the meantime, please refer to the below resources for DACA:
- Letter from President Robert J. Zimmer and Provost Daniel Diermeier
- Student Support Services
- Student Support Services DACA Frequently Asked Questions
- DHS DACA Frequently Asked Questions
Statement by David Nirenberg, Executive Vice Provost, and Michele Rasmussen, Dean of Students in the University:
To: Members of the University Community
From: David Nirenberg, Executive Vice Provost, and Michele Rasmussen, Dean of Students in the University
Date: September 6, 2017
Subject: Additional Information on DACA and Immigration
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security on Tuesday formally announced that the federal government is terminating the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, which has allowed about 800,000 young people who live in the U.S. to pursue educational opportunities here.
President Zimmer and Provost Diermeier have argued strongly against this action. The University is unwavering in its commitment to supporting students, staff, and scholars who have come from other nations, including those with undocumented immigration status (whether or not they qualify for DACA), and it will continue to do so. As reflected in a letter sent yesterday to members of Illinois’ congressional delegation, the University would also strongly support efforts by Congress to address this issue through new legislation that protects the ability of DACA-eligible students, staff, and scholars to live in the United States and pursue their education and careers here.
We are continuing to review this policy change and its potential effects. The Department of Homeland Security has posted additional information on how it expects the change to affect individuals who currently qualify for DACA.
As part of our commitment to the needs of the campus community, the University has taken a number of steps to ensure our undocumented community members can continue to participate fully in University life and have access to resources they need to succeed. The resources will continue to be modified in response to new developments. These resources include:
- Information sessions, Know Your Rights workshops for the campus community, and legal screenings with attorneys from Chicago law firms.
- A website dedicated to undocumented students that includes an extensive FAQ section.
- Emergency financial assistance for undocumented students (contact Ireri Rivas at 773.702.2435 and firstname.lastname@example.org for information).
- Free individual and group therapy services tailored to the needs of undocumented students (contact SSS or CCSS for information on free group therapy sessions offered during Autumn 2017 quarter).
- Staffing the Student Support Services office, the charge of which includes serving the needs of undocumented students, with a special focus on the graduate divisions and professional schools.
This is a very difficult and potentially disruptive time for members of our community who have relied on DACA, and we will continue to work to ensure their success and well-being. We encourage members of the University community who are affected by these changes to contact any of our key support offices – Student Support Services (SSS), Center for College Student Success (CCSS), Office of International Affairs, Student Counseling Service, and Dean on Call – if you need assistance.
On Sunday, September 24th, 2017, the White House and President Donald Trump announced enhanced national security measures and issued a Presidential Proclamation announcing new restrictions on travel to the United States by certain foreign nationals from Chad, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Syria, and Yemen; Sudan is not covered by the Proclamation. Citizens of Iraq and some groups of individuals from Venezuela will face restrictions and/or heightened scrutiny when applying for U.S. entry visas. The restrictions set forth in the Proclamation vary by country.
For more information about the new travel ban, please refer to the FAQs from the White House and those posted by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. According to these sources, the “Proclamation does not apply to any lawful permanent resident of the United States,” nor individuals who have valid visas on the effective date of the ban.
OIA will continue to provide assistance to students and scholars/employees affected by the Proclamation. OIA recommends that students and scholars/employees from these countries who have upcoming international travel plans should contact their OIA adviser or an immigration attorney before leaving the United States.
OIA will continue to monitor these developments as well as legal developments concerning immigration-related Executive Orders and post further updates as they become available.
The U.S. Supreme Court issued an order on Monday, December 4, that will allow the Trump administration to fully enforce its travel restrictions on certain nationals of eight countries: Chad, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Syria, Venezuela, and Yemen, pursuant to a presidential proclamation that was issued on September 24, 2017. Monday’s ruling by the Supreme Court removes the relationship exemption and allows the administration to fully implement the ban while challenges to it continue in the Federal Court of Appeals. However, anyone in the U.S. when the original proclamation was issued is exempt from restrictions (e.g. if you were already in the U.S. on a student or scholar visa), but may be subject to additional vetting as part of a new visa application. We recommend that students and scholars from these countries understand the conditions, exemptions, and exceptions set forth by the proclamation, which vary by country.
The Office of International Affairs (OIA) stands ready to support students and scholars who may need assistance or have questions. We recommend students and scholars from the affected countries contact their OIA adviser or an immigration attorney before leaving the United States. We will continue to monitor these developments and will post further updates as they become available.
We will update this site as relevant new information becomes available.